80 years ago today, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in a speech to congress, offered his vision of The Four Freedoms that Americans would fight for in World War II. The freedom of speech, the freedom of worship, the freedom from want, and the freedom from fear—together these brought hope in the coming years to a war-wearied people, particularly after one artist illustrated them, creating a vision everyone could rally around.
It was two years later that artist Norman Rockwell was inspired to paint images for each of FDR’s Four Freedoms. The prints toured the nation, helping to sell 133 million dollars in war bonds and stamps that paid for America’s war effort. LEARN how the 4 Freedoms shaped the future… (1941)
The iconic ideas enunciated in Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms became the principles that evolved into the Atlantic Charter declared by himself and Winston Churchill in August 1941. They also became the foundation of an imagined international organization, which became the United Nations after FDR’s death, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948 through the work of his wife, former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
MORE Good News on this Date:
- Samuel Morse first successfully tested the electrical telegraph (1838)
- Maria Montessori opened her first school and care center for working class children in Rome (1907)
- Gibson guitars launched its Flying V electric guitar, with a radical, futuristic body design and powerful sound created with limba wood that became a favorite of Albert King, Jimi Hendrix, Marc Bolan, and ZZ Top (1958)
- Mutual of Omaha’s ‘Wild Kingdom’ first aired on NBC hosted by Marlin Perkins (1963)
- The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) was returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II (1978)
- The First World Congress of Imams and Rabbis for Peace began in Belgium, a group that now includes more than 150 imams and rabbis from 20 countries (2005)
And 92 years ago today, Mother Teresa first arrived in Calcutta to work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people. The Catholic nun, was renown not only for her charity and unselfishness, but for her hard work and a natural talent for organization. Before her death in 1997, she had established 4,000 sisters serving in 123 countries of the world and won a Nobel Peace Prize. (1929)
Also, 83 years ago today, the cartoon character Pepé LePew first debuted in a Warner Bros cartoon (Odor-able Kitty). Created by Chuck Jones, the French skunk is always busy romantically pursuing a female black cat, whom he mistakes for a “skunk fatale”. Unbeknownst to LePew, the kitten has a white stripe painted down her back, usually by accident (squeezing under a fence with wet white paint). Pepé’s voice, provided by Mel Blanc, was based on the French actor Charles Boyer, but in the French version of the cartoon, LePew speaks with a heavy Italian accent—and uses the name Pépé le Putois. WATCH a clip and practice some French phrases… (1938)
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