Mexico’s President López Obrador called 2021 “The year of the independence and greatness of Mexico,” as the nation marks its 200th anniversary of independence.
200 years ago today, toward the end of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, the Plan of Iguala (or Act of Independence of North America) was drawn up. The Plan stated that Mexico was to become a constitutional monarchy, her official religion would be Roman Catholicism, and all people would enjoy equal political and social rights, regardless of their origin.
Penned in the city of Iguala in Guerrero, Agustín de Iturbide (who would become Emperor of Mexico) and Vicente Guerrero (the revolutionary rebel leader and later President of Mexico) unified to become the Army of the Three Guarantees with the goal of defending these 3 ideals. Exactly six months later, they achieved victory and Iturbide and the Spanish viceroy signed a treaty which ratified the Plan and confirmed Mexico’s independence.
The “Three Guarantees”, which the Plan is sometimes known as, established full equality for all social and ethnic groups in the new country—and the tricolor flag of the Army of Three Guarantees is a symbolic representation of the triad of “Religion, Independence and Unity”. (1821)
MORE Good News on this Date:
- The first floats were paraded in Mardi Gras, in New Orleans where, today, dozens of ‘krewe’ members (people that work all year to plan the balls and parades) ride elaborate modern floats, tossing strands of beads to cheering crowds (1868)
- Led Zeppelin released their sixth album Physical Graffiti, a double album that featured songs leftover from their previous LPs Led Zeppelin III, IV, and Houses Of The Holy (1975)
- The United States Olympic Hockey team completed their Miracle on Ice by defeating Finland 4-2 to win the gold medal (1980)
- Congress released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as ”grave injustice” (1983)
- Thailand began its annual National Artist Day to celebrate and award benefits to honored artists on the birthday of Buddha Loetla Nabhala, King Rama II (1767-1824), a poet and artist whose reign is known as the most peaceful time in Thailand’s history and the Golden Age of Rattanokosin Literature (1985)
15 years ago today, the European Space Agency agreed to provide over one hundred million euro to launch Cryosat-2, a satellite that has, since its launch in 2010, measured and monitored the health of land and sea ice worldwide. (2006)
101 years ago today, American Nancy Astor became the first woman to speak in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom following her election as a Member of Parliament three months earlier at age 41.
Viscountess Astor was notable for bravely moving to England at age 26 after divorcing an abusive alcoholic. She married an Englishman who was born in the U.S., Waldorf Astor, who eventually entered the House of Lords. The witty woman then entered politics herself, winning his former seat in Plymouth.
Gaining attention as someone who did not follow the rules, she served in Parliament as a member of the Conservative Party for 25 years. While the couple enjoyed a lavish lifestyle, she used her wealth to support the expansion of nursery schools for children’s education. In government she fought to raise the legal age for drinking in public from 14 to 18, and worked to recruit women into the civil service, police force, education, and House of Lords. (1920)
And 77 years ago today, Merrill’s Marauders began their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma during World War II. A total of 2,750 Marauders (led by Frank Merrill) entered Burma; and through their marksmanship and wit, they severed Japanese supply lines in March.
The men of “Unit Galahad” enjoyed the rare distinction of having each soldier awarded the Bronze Star. The fighting unit, perhaps the most celebrated in WWII, after surviving all odds, eventually was turned into the 75th Ranger Regiment. WATCH a video from a reunion… 1944
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